The Early Years of WW II
This web page takes you to vol. 1 of WW II and the era of Neutrality.
In 1940, The Wave of the Future, A Confession of Faith, by Anne M. Lindbergh, wife of aviator Charles Lindbergh, made it to Readers Digest, outlining Hitler as the wave of the future. But, their way was not to be.
Fortunately, for the world, the essence of liberty never agreed to unite with Hitler and also never met defeat during World War II.
Before America's entrance into WW II, what happened? This is told vigorously in volume 1, which goes into detail the years 1939 to 1941 in a unique way. Learning history in the world of today is more wonderful than just a menagerie of old, black and white photos. Today you have excellent streaming video, such as this one from 1940, which came from the mouth of legendary pilot Charles Lindbergh. He was a spokesperson for the America First Committee. What in the world is the concept of Fascism? A Table of Contents and outline of vol 1 is located in PDF Outline. Check the excerpts below from Valentine's book, vol. One, including a speech by Pres. Roosevelt given on radio on May 16, 1940.
To Defend Freedom
(Above) Charles Lindbergh and a popular culture cartoon from Dr Seuss from Jun 2, 1940.
But, in 1940, Lindbergh was up and down telling everybody England was going to loose and his place in early WW II history is cemented in American History. Video courtesy of Smithsonian Channel. Check out their web site, it has a lot of good things.
One must keep in mind, big changes characterized 1940 from 1941. They were different years a student of history should realize, and cannot be all gum dropped as the era of neutrality as if those years are of the same mix. There are also hidden, secretive things that past WW II books failed to describe, such as that ITT (the international telephone conglomerate) help built the speedy Fockerwulfs for Germany, the backbone of the Jagdwaffe of the Luftwaffe (beside the Messerschmidt). That aircraft dropped bombs on British and U.S. troops. Few knew Colonel Sosthenes Behn, the head of ITT flew from N.Y. to Madrid, then on to Berne, Switzerland to help improve Hitler’s communications systems. Hardly anyone hears about the story that Ford trucks were built for the German troops in occupied France with authorization from Dearborn, Michigan. The sad stories of these can be augmented by reading today’s books including one of my favorites Charles Higham’s book Trading with The Enemy. This is not 1960 or 1980. Granted, 1940 was the year defense spending jumped dramatically, as this PDF from vol. 1 demonstrates, however, as you will see in the following PDF, author Valentine shows a TOP Secret page from the Roosevelt Library in NY with a microdot embedded on the page...a microdot, of an entire 8.5 x11 page shrunken masterfully to the size of a dot.
Blockade Zones and more
Now would be a good time to tell you more things centering on and near 1940 BEFORE America entered the war.
By 1941, the world was about two years into the Second World War. During this time for the most part, the people of the United States were not at war. In 1940, there was the Fall of Western Europe and Dunkirk.
On May 10, 1940, the big German offensive, to recap, was launched upon Western Europe and the entire phony war was over. A Blitzkrieg, Lightning War, hurtled itself against Belgium, Holland, Luxembourg, and France.
In effect there were three German Armies that raced through Europe: Army Group A ran through the Ardennes Forest, with 45 divisions; Army Group B with multi-prong spearheading units thrust through the Low Countries; and Army Group C kept those ally forces on the Maginot Line in check.
By May 20, the Germans had amassed a striking force which consisted of ten panzer armored divisions, seventy motorized divisions, a hundred and forty infantry divisions plus the world’s best air force, a highly disciplined Luftwaffe force of 3,226 aircraft.
In Spring of 1940, Germany had over 100 divisions, with about 2690 tanks. The British side had 384 light tanks, plus 100 heavier ones. They had the Maginot Line. The Belgium and Dutch sported 26 divisions plus reserves. The upshot was the German High Command had a better air force, better communication and better tactics, and they closed in on some 400,000 who slowly began to be trapped. Among the Allies, morale was extremely low. What was once thought, that the allied generals had time to marshal resources, was now an extinguished idea. As a matter of record since their first staff meeting was held, when both the English and French could not understand each other because they did not bring their interpreters, somewhere since then, the European Allies believed they were ready. Before June, neither Italy or Japan—both aggressive partners of the future Tri-Axis—were at war against any European nation, but by June 11 Italy had joined the fray.
Many died and many Allied tanks were anniliated by the time of Dunkirk.
Winston Churchill did an inspiring radio speech, wars are not won by evacuation, the actual 12 min radio speech.
There have been depictions of Winston Churchill as Prime Minister, various depictions set against the backdrop of WW II: Wensley Pithey (Ike: The War Years 1978); Brendan Gleeson (INTO THE STORM 2009); the 2017 production with Brian Cox (Churchill) and the latest Gary Oldman, Darkest Hour 2017 (2018 Academy Award winner). While some 80 years have elapsed, the release of Dunkirk is quite a movie and we strongly suggest to see it, especially if you can see it in 70mm IMAX. It won an Academy Award. CBS did a marvelous mini-clip. Good old AL Roker chats about the movie on NBC's TODAY and the Dunkirk spirit. Enjoy Behind the scenes. with IMAX.
By May 21, 1940, the British forces were trapped and surrounded at the port of Dunkirk. The miracle job (Operation Dynamo) to evacuate thousands of troops at Dunkirk began. The evacuation went on for ten days and nights. Scores of ships of every description from mighty warships draped in battleship grey to pleasure yachts, sail boats and tiny fishing boats performed a heroic evacuation. Some 1,350 ships were utilized in the evacuation.
Dunkirk is part of vol 1 A Toast For You and Me, an informative 192-page book. It too contains a highly detailed chronology in the book.
Vol. 1: 1930s, 1940, 1941
Vol. 2: 1942 [see the era]
Commemorative Edtion: 1944 [see the era]
Dunkirk became a thrilling legend of the world war. It paid off for 338,226 troops we’re evacuated to fight another day; some 220,000 British soldiers and about 117,000 Belgium and French troops. The scenes of a beaten allied army and air force in color were not released during the war but our volume has them; over 80,000 dead bodies were buried near Dunkirk.
Elsewhere on land, the screaming Stukas kept on annihilating the remaining allies. Unprotected, French aircraft factories and airfields were destroyed by June third.
On June Fourth, Dunkirk!
Up north near Norway’s coast just three days after Dunkirk, German battle cruisers sank two British destroyers, plus another British aircraft carrier, the Glorious; all three reported losses of some 1,500 men.
An ocean liner was bombed by German dive bombers off Saint Nazaire, France. The liner Lancastria was evacuating over 5,300 allied troops. Because the evacuation was without air cover, the large vessel was sunk, taking another 3,000 down with her. When you read about the description of Sicily, that whole invasion operation cost the U.S. some 2,000 men. You can imagine how disastrous it was losing 3000 in 1 single day in just 1 ship in 1940.
News such as the Lancastria were hush hush, and even though there are many WW II books in this big world of ours, few tell you the real ship sinkings of each year like A Toast For You and Me. There were many, many losses at sea during the early stages of WW II. Keep this in mind: A good historian should use both actual key descriptions and eyewitnesses and the latest facts. During the actual war, with the exception of Dunkirk, most losses inflicted on the ally troops were rarely released in complete form to a world press transfixed on Europe.
On June 10, 1940 Italy hoping to get a piece of the cake, declared war on France. However, it was a move that was not as dumb as it suggests though the declaration of war was belated, Mussolini had a reason: to stall for time. His purchasing agents in the U.S. had purchased 250,000 tons of scrap iron and steel. And, they needed time to get it out of American hands. The figure of 250 thousand tons of scrap iron was more than double the normal yearly import.
By the time the U.S. government was able to clamp down on the shipments, close to 200,000 tons had been shipped. Ooh la la, Paris, France, when Paris was under Nazi wings. Next, came the Battle of Britain.
Hitler struck with all his fury on England. The British defensive lines, however, the people, who were the main part of the chain of defensiveness and survival, they never broke down. This entire story is part of the wonderful book A Toast For You and Me, America’s Participation, Sacrifice and Victory, vol 1. It is the author's intention that in every volume of A Toast For You and Me, the author embarks on telling you history as if you were there with an additional scope of the real facts through pictures.
All the art work and lithographs in each volume, with the exception of the computer generated flags and some maps, are authentic from the 1940s. A variety of sources have been consulted in the preparation of each historical volume.
One should also keep in mind Imperial Japan had been bent on Asian takeover all throughout the 1930s beginning with the occupation of highly-industrialized Manchuria in 1931, but remember this date: September 27, 1940, when Germany, Italy and Japan signed a treaty of mutual assistance.
The pact recognized the leadership of Japan “in the establishment of a new order in Greater Asia.” That treaty is reproduced in vol. 1 of Valentine’s research under “Voices of History.”. A few days before the signing, Imperial Japan sent her troops into northern Indo-China. All this plus the fact rights were given for Japan to station 3 air bases in northern Indo-China well before the McCollum letter of October 1940, as discovered by historian Robert B. Stinnett. There is more than meets the eye the months prior to the attack on Pearl Harbor.
So much went on during the so-called era of Neutrality, but the trick is to segment things so as to afford a reader passage into the nebulous era via the actual passing of time as they happened, complete with the innocuous stories of secret diplomatic and naval codes, code-breaking, month by month, until whammo December 7th, 1941.
Code-breaking is a story of certitude delight, and it is amply covered in volume one of A Toast For You and Me. From the era when Nanking was plundered, across the early 1940s when math wiz Madame X (Miss Agnes M Driscoll) was able to decipher the initial tables of 5-Num, to the harrowing months of 1941, from Cavite to Hawaii to Washington DC, it is all there in this wonderful book.
ONI, Code Book S, SM Code, Black Code, Purple Code, the world of espionage and spies are handled in the book at the same time world events are laid bare to the interested reader. The world did not stop on a dime just to talk about the situations in Asia, for there existed a world-takeover by Adolf Hitler at the same time. Early WW II is beyond a simple world of politics.
The advent of war, before Dec 7th, was more than patriotism and propaganda. It meant survival. Not that it meant we were being attacked already, but that unless something was done to check Hitler, it could mean we were next.
Take a closer look at war through a contemporary Hollywood picture about the laws of survival: Dunkirk, released in 2017.
The human miracle of the story is told in an epic movie released by Chris Nolan appropriately titled Dunkirk, and it is quite educational. PDF files listed here are sample pages from vol. 1, offered for you. Listen to one of the veterans who was there.
Vol 1 goes up to Dec. 1941. Primarily it is the era of Neutrality for the United States. Herewith, is a chronologic timeline of 1941 that may surprise you. The following dates register this period of American Neutrality, a period that actually covers 1939-1941 in the book but the above link specifically conveys 1941. It is available. The last PDF below is just a small inkling of the research on 5-Num that is found in vol 1.
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